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Excerpt from Solar Behavior, Chapter 3: Geomagnetic Activity and biological Effects

Solar Behavior by Sacha Dobler, New Book 2020

1.1 Solar activity and lightning frequency

Lightning can be triggered by cosmic rays, which are more abundant in solar minimum. Over the whole of the solar cycles however, overall lightning activity is lower in solar minimum.

With data from the German lightning detection system BLIDS, Schlegel et al obtain a “significant correlation of lightning frequency with Ap and R, and a significant anti-correlation with cosmic ray flux.” [i]

1.2 Solar Activity and Geomagnetic activity

Solar activity indices exhibit a strong correlation with all the geomagnetic indices. The correlation coefficients of the Sunspot Number with Kp-Index is 0.83; The correlation coefficients of the solar radio flux (F10.7 index) with Sunspot Number Is 0.83 as well. [ii]

Geomagnetic storm activity is considered the most important phenomenon in the complex chain of solar terrestrial relations and space weather. “The storm is triggered by solar wind energy, captured by the magnetosphere and transferred and dissipated in the high-latitude ionosphere and atmosphere.” [iii]

In the monthly trends, Geo-magnetic storms correlate with sunspot numbers. Thus overall,

 “Geomagnetic activity and hence the geomagnetic hazard is usually more pronounced during the peak in the solar cycle when there are most sunspots.” [iv]  But within these solar Schwabe cycles, there are irregular clusters of Geo-magnetic storms, the highest concentration is not necessarily at the very peaks of Schwabe solar maxima (see Fig. 5).

“On a monthly basis Sunspot number Ns is highly correlated with GMA over a 100 year period from 1830 to 1930.” Sunspot activity peaks about 3.5 days prior to a magnetic disturbance. [v]

“Geomagnetic activity fluctuates most rapidly during upsurges of solar activity which alters brain rhythms and hormonal levels, or the downward part of the cycle, when sunspots are rapidly diminishing.” [vi]

Fig. 5 Relationship between the solar cycle and the frequency of magnetic storms. The upper line shows the smoothed sunspot number which is an indicator of the solar cycle. The blue bars chart the number of storms each year. Period (1865- 2015); the correlation coefficient of the Sunspot Number with Kp-Index is 0.83; Image: British Geological Survey; Sun-Earth Connections: Introduction to the Science: Space Weather and Geomagnetic Storms; http://www.geomag.bgs.ac.uk/research/space_weather/sci_intro.html

Geomagnetic storm activity is at a 100-year -low, is the century of wars behind us? 

From the end of 2019, where the Ap- index averaged above 5, the Ap- value further declined in the first half of 2020 to an average of 4.7. [vii]

Fig. 6 Ap- index 1850 -2020; Geomagnetic activity and in particular geomagnetic storms are more prevalent in Grand Solar Maxima. They are strongly correlated with aggressive behavior (more so than sunspot activity) and, to a limited degree, with suicides. Records of sunspot numbers (grey dotted line) reach back to 1610, while geomagnetic activity records as expressed in the AP- index (black line) are available only from the 1840s onward. We see geomagnetic activity has dropped off precipitously to levels before the war-stricken 20th century, or roughly before the Modern Grand Maximum.  Solar and geomagnetic data up to 2010: Matthes, Katja, et al.2017: Solar forcing for CMIP6 (v3.2). Geoscientific Model Development, European Geosciences Union, 2017, 10 (6), pp.2247-2302. 10.5194/gmd-10-2247-2017. insu-01618895

1.3 Geomagnetic storm activity and human history

Let’s have a closer look at the progression of geo-magnetic storms which can be quantified by the Kp-Index or Ap-Index (different variations of measurement. Recall a geomagnetic storm is a major disturbance of Earth’s magnetosphere that occurs when there is a very efficient exchange of energy from the solar wind into the space environment surrounding Earth. These storms result from variations in the solar wind that produce major changes in the currents, plasmas, and fields in Earth’s magnetosphere. The solar wind conditions that are effective for creating geomagnetic storms are sustained (for several hours to days) in periods of high-speed solar wind, and most importantly, a southward directed solar wind magnetic field (opposite the direction of Earth’s field) at the dayside of the magnetosphere. This condition is effective for transferring energy from the solar wind into Earth’s magnetosphere. [viii]

All biological systems on Earth are exposed to this external and internal environment of fluctuating invisible magnetic fields of a wide range of frequencies. Numerous physiological rhythms have been shown to be synchronized with solar and geomagnetic activity. [ix]

We don’t have direct measurements of the Kp-index prior to the 1930s, but we do have reconstructed plots of the AE-Index reaching back to 1610 [x] (Ap-index see also Fig. 6). The fact that geomagnetic storms are much more frequent during solar maximum is further corroborated by reconstructions of aurora activity. In the last decade, geomagnetic activity has dropped off to the levels of 1900, far in advance of the decline of sunspot numbers (see Fig. 6).

An analysis published by the Federal Reserve Bank concluded that one week’s “stormy” geomagnetic activity leads to the next week’s negative stock returns in all US market indices. [xi]

In their paper: “Playing the field: Geomagnetic storms and international stock markets” Krivelyova and Robotti found a 14% difference in means for the annualized percentage return between normal days and days affected by geomagnetic storms from 1972 to 2000 for the NASDAQ. Basile Despond found a 15.13% difference for the same period. For 2001- 2016, a difference of -7.94% is found, contradicting the hypothesis developed in A. Krivelyova, 2003. [xii]

So, the relationship appears to have “flipped” around the turn of the millennium.

Peng et al 2019 confirmed that market liquidity is positively related to the geomagnetic effect on the stock market, which is consistent with Krivelyova & Robotti (2003). Shu (2010) showed that both equity and bill prices correlate positively with investor mood, with higher asset prices associated with better mood, and conversely, expected asset returns correlate negatively with investor mood. “These findings suggest that investor mood is a vital factor in equilibrium asset prices and returns.” [xiii]

Further, during five decades of observation, the members of Jehovah’s Witnesses were significantly more active during high geomagnetic activity. [xiv]

Geomagnetic disturbances driven by solar activity enhanced total and cardiovascular mortality risk in 263 U.S. cities. [xv]

Further below, it will be shown that people born at high solar activity and high geomagnetic activity have increased incidents of mental illness, anxiety and shorter life span. (See p. 29).

The impact of the Sunspot Counts over the last 44 years on the world’s 4 main financial indices – i.e., S&P, FTSE, Nikkei & HIS – ‘are highly significant, even on a day-to-day time series analysis.’ [xvi]

1.4 Geomagnetic storms and adverse health effects

In a 2018 study, Alabdulgader et al surmised that sharp or sudden variations in geomagnetic and solar activity as well as geomagnetic storms, can act as stressors, which alter regulatory processes such as melatonin/serotonin balance, blood pressure, breathing, reproductive, immune, neurological, and cardiac system processes.

“Geomagnetic disturbances are associated with significant increases in hospital admissions for depression, mental disorders, psychiatric admission, suicide attempts, homicides and traffic accidents.” [xvii]

The results of a recent study on geomagnetic fields indicated an intensification of the humans’ autonomic nervous system (ANS) as a stress reaction in healthy humans when it is exposed to high levels of GMF in both natural or simulated conditions. [xviii]

The knowledge of the association between geomagnetic disturbances and increases in work and traffic accidents goes back to the 1950s. (Reiter, 1955). In India, from 1989 to 2010, traffic accidents were associated not only with solar and geomagnetic activity parameters but also with cosmic ray intensity. [xix]

Srivastava et al (1980) found a 76% of air accidents were found to occur during enhanced geomagnetic pulsation activity. [xx]

A strong association was found between Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and increments of global geomagnetic activity. [xxi]

Geomagnetic storms can cause further negative effects, such as ‘weakness, malaise and unspecified regional headaches, irregularity in movement functions, misbalance, heart infarction, seizure situations and mental disorders.’ [xxii]

During geomagnetically quiet days, the heart rate and the cosmic ray intensity variations are positively correlated. [xxiii]

Recall that both HF (High frequency) and LF bands in Heart rhythm are reduced during geomagnetic storms. Lower activity in High Frequency Heart rhythm is associated with decreased capacity to self-regulate thoughts, emotions and behaviorswhich implies by extrapolation that geomagnetic storms are associated with decreased capacity to self-regulate via heart rhythm variability. [xxiv]

A 2020 study showed the nonspecific effect of magnetic storms is associated with periods of enhancement or weakening of the local geomagnetic field [frequency range of 10−4−10−5  Hz]). “In this range, especially at night, the power spectral density of geomagnetic disturbances is comparable to and can even exceed the power density of urban Magnetic Fields.”  [xxv]

             Solar and geomagnetic conditions at birth affect life outcomes

Increased “state” anxiety in female teenagers with high geomagnetic activity on the day before birth.

A sample of students, 13-16 years old, were given a questionnaire designed to measure “state” and “trait” anxiety, and the scores on this questionnaire were correlated with daily geomagnetic activity measures (Ap index) for an 11-day period centered around the day of birth for each subject. Females showed a significant positive correlation between “state” anxiety and geomagnetic activity on the day before birth. [xxvi]

Birth in solar maximum predicts higher rates of mental illness in life. 

Several studies show that radiation peaks in solar cycles and particularly in chaotic solar cycles (CSCs) are associated with a higher incidence of mental disorders. Further, high solar activity and geomagnetic activity at birth is associated with shorter lifespan and high incidence of mental illness throughout life.

The data for this study was collected from the Maine, USA, Medicaid database and related to solar cycle irradiance for the past seventy-one years, encompassing seven solar cycles.

The results show that radiation peaks in solar cycles and particularly in chaotic solar cycles (CSCs) [at the time of birth] are associated with a higher incidence of mental disorders. [xxvii]

             People born in solar minimum live longer than people born in solar maximum

When demographic data from Norway between 1676 and 1878 were compared with sunspot numbers, it was shown that solar activity (total solar irradiance) at birth decreased the probability of survival to adulthood for both men and women. 

On average, the lifespans of individuals born in a solar maximum period were 5.2 years shorter than those born in a solar minimum period. In addition, fertility and lifetime reproductive success (LRS) were reduced among low-status women born in years with high solar activity.  [xxviii]

The authors attribute the shortened life span of those born in Solar maximum to increased UV-radiation. I suggest that the direct effects of UVR are only one of several causes related to space weather, for pregnant women in northern Europe are on average very careful about sunlight exposure, and they certainly don’t expose their newborn to direct sunlight. Plus, UVR, as TSI, fluctuates only slightly from solar minimum to maximum. The main culprit must be sought in the changes of electric and magnetic fields and cosmic ray particle flux as a co-effect of solar- and geomagnetic- activity.

A 2018 study revealed similar results for the whole of the US, namely that ‘higher solar energy at birth had an adverse effect on human lifespan’. Increased solar energy at birth shortens human lifespan by an average of eight years.

The effect of higher solar energy at birth becomes more manifest after the age of reproduction. Further, it was found that twice as many persons with multiple sclerosis are born in periods of increased solar energy than in periods of lower solar energy. [xxix]

High Schizophrenia in winter and spring births in the Northern Hemisphere

Even the season of birth influences life outcomes. Ronald Kay identified an excess pattern of winter and spring birth, of those later diagnosed as schizophrenic, in most Northern Hemisphere samples with none or lesser variation in equatorial or Southern Hemisphere samples. 

It was suggested that these findings are all consistent with the prime hypothesis by Kay – namely that seasonal variation in the geomagnetic field of the earth primarily as a result of geomagnetic storms (GMS) at crucial periods in intrauterine brain development, during months 2 to 7 of gestation – could affect the later rate of development of schizophrenia. [xxx]

Scientists also found the same for bipolar disorder, winter and early spring birthdays are more often affected. [xxxi]

Diet and health can possibly counteract geomagnetic forces and help avoiding conflicts.

S. Zadeh et al surmised that geomagnetic forces such as solar activity predict societal unrests. 

The authors contend that ‘terrorism and war are manifestations of poor mental and spiritual health, which have common roots in space weather, nutrition and the biological systems of our body’.

“Socio-political turmoil, possibly extending to terrorism, should seek rest in the prevention of ramping diseases propagated by socio-environmental factors including diet, physical and mental activities, tobacco and alcohol consumption. Re-balancing tissue, omega-6/3 fatty acids through diet, in conjunction with regular practice of meditation, pranayam and yogasan, do improve resistance to chronic ill-health affecting body and mind. “ [xxxii]

1.5 Geomagnetic activity and violent behavior

Annual GMA and the probability of war in the same year.

A study investigating annual global geomagnetic activity, inferences of solar activity, and the release of the total, global seismic energy indicates that the numbers of armed conflicts (wars) for the first half of the twentieth century were moderately associated (r is approximately 0.50 (25% of the variance) only with the global geomagnetic activity of the same year.[xxxiii]

Not only are geomagnetic storms more prevalent in Grand Solar Maxima, but the peaks of such storms are associated with aggressive behavior and as we’ll see, to some degree, with suicides. Severe geomagnetic storms are mostly accompanied by extraordinary aurorae appearances (aurorae in low latitudes). Both extraordinary aurorae and large sunspots (large enough to be seen in the pre-telescope era with the naked eye) strikingly coincided with and were witnessed during wars and individual battles (as documented in detail in Solar History (Chapter 21). On the other end of the spectrum, days with very low geomagnetic activity, which occur more frequently in solar minimum, are linked to increased incidence of telepathic experiences (see p. 35). This rather strange correlation appears to chime in with the observed increased peacefulness, creativity and reason – but possibly also with passivity and inertia of the masses – in Grand Solar Minimum.

Before we get to outbreaks of violence during high geomagnetic activity, we note that magnetic fields acting on brain frequencies during increase geomagnetic activity are associated with a ‘sense present’. Whether such experiences can encourage actual clairvoyance or some state of enlightenment, is not the subject here, but the historical coincidence with mass hysteria and religious and spiritual extremism with geomagnetic peaks supports the notion that many such experiences of a “sense present” have spurred on group delusions and hallucination. 

Booth et al suggested “the culturally and historically ubiquitous phenomena of sensed presences are generated by right hemispheric processes that once enhanced by a variety of stimuli, including weak complex magnetic fields, can be encouraged by increased global geomagnetic activity.” (see p. 35). [xxxiv]

             Geomagnetic storms cause EEG pattern changes.

Geomagnetic storms are not only manifesting in outward human behavior, but they can be monitored in electroencephalogram (EEG) as an objective measurement of the functional state of the human brain. In a 2005 study on 27 healthy females (20-40 years-old), during periods of strong geomagnetic disturbances, indisposition, weakness and presence of indistinct localized headaches were recorded for the majority of patients. They detected a strengthening of cortical connections in the right cortical hemisphere and their short circuit on temporal sections during geomagnetically disturbed days. Contrarily, in geomagnetically quiet days, a profile of interrelations reflecting weak internal- and inter-hemispheric connections was observed. “The threshold of convulsive (spasmodic) readiness of the human brain is reduced, which is especially dangerous for risk group persons. It is established that, in general, weak and moderate geomagnetic storms exert a stimulating influence while strong disturbances of geomagnetic conditions activate inhibiting processes.” [xxxv]

“Severe disturbances of geomagnetic conditions cause a negative influence, seriously disintegrate brain’s functionality, activate braking processes and amplify the negative emotional background of an individual.” [xxxvi]

             Terroristic suicide attacks during Geomagnetic storms

Geomagnetic storm activity was found to go along with suicide terroristic attacks in Israel, Iraq and Afghanistan from 1994 – 2008. Certain patterns of heliogeo- physical factors were found to be similar in all countries studied, geomagnetic activity significantly increased (p<0.0001) at the day of attack and at the next day following attack. [xxxvii]

             Aggressive behavior increases with increase in solar activity, temperature and with low serotonin levels

Temperature changes only slightly within the Schwabe cycles, it rises about 0.2 degrees from Schwabe minimum to maximum. However, we know that fair weather means not only warmer temperatures but also more solar irradiance on the surface and higher UV radiation. 

Jari Tiihonen et al, 2017 demonstrated that violent crime correlated with temperature in Finland. Solar irradiance was considered as a causal contributor to violence. [xxxviii]

However, in this study, only temperature, not other solar- induce parameters were analyzed. But temperature can serve as a proxy not only for solar irradiance, but in turn also for cosmic ray flux and geomagnetic activity and Solar Proton Events (SPEs).

The study shows that during 1996–2013, ambient temperature explained 10% of the variance in the violent crime rate in Finland, corresponding to a 1.7% increase/degree centigrade.

“Seasonal “bad” weather conditions (i.e., low ambient temperature, low amounts of sunshine) up-regulate 5-HT [Serotonine] function, thereby decreasing impulsivity and risk-taking; e.g., influencing one to not wander too far from the homesite in bad weather.”  [xxxix]

The study concluded that the incidence of violent crime does not increase further when the ambient temperature is higher than 27–32 °C. [xl] We return to the connection of serotonin levels and crime in Chapter 4.

In regards to yearly average temperatures at different latitudes, the connection of violent crime and ambient temperature is well established. The CLASH project determined the exact relation of higher violent crime rates in tropical regions compared with higher latitudes (see p. 118).

Furthermore, violent crime is corelated with temperature (and solar irradiance) within the same location. Climate variability explains well over a third of the variance of wintertime violent crime in several broad regions of the United States.  [xli]

             Further Health outcomes

Even in physiological functions independent from behavioral issues, correlations with solar cycles and in particular, with solar magnetic storm periodicities, are well documented.

In 2001, Dorman et al analyzed monthly data of myocardial infarction, brain strokes, and car accident increases. The results of their analysis confirmed the possible connection of space weather changes (controlled by short- and long-term variations in cosmic ray intensity and solar activity) on the analyzed medical and accident data. Their previous papers showed that CR decreases could be considered as indicators of space phenomena influencing myocardial infarction, brain stroke, and car accidents incidents[xlii]

Italian researchers demonstrated a significant correlation between headaches and geomagnetic activity during March 1988. [xliii]

Similar effects show in infectious, premalignant and malignant cervical epithelial pathologies in women, as well as human physiological functions of healthy men. The phases (maxima) for six histopathologic findings and five of six physiologic measurements were very near, or within, the first two quarters following the 10-year solar maxima. These findings add to the growing evidence that solar magnetic storm periodicities are mirrored by cyclic phase-locked rhythms of similar period length or lengths in human physiology and pathophysiology.” [xliv]

Incidence of various illnesses, including myocardial infarction (MI) (death of an area of cardiac muscle tissue due to lack of oxygen) and mental illness, increase during periods of increased geomagnetic disturbance[xlv]

Geomagnetic storms increase aggression in rats

“-Rats being studied for chronic limbic epileptic effects showed significantly more aggression (r = 0.5) during GMA events. Intense aggression was observed for aa> 40 nT.

-St Pierre and Persinger (1998) found that aggressive biting in rats was positively correlated with GMA. [xlvi]

-As far as humans are concerned, Dr. Persinger (1999, see below) also identified a moderate association between annual GMA and the probability of war in the same year. 

             Geomagnetic storms and mental illness

Ward and Henshaw (2006) showed that geomagnetic storms have been related to 30-80% increases in urgent hospitalization of patients in connection with suicides, mental disorders, myocardial infarction, defects of cerebrum vessels and arterial and venous diseases.  [xlvii]

Extreme solar activity has adverse effects first of all on enfeebled and ill organisms. Zakharov, G. et al concluded that under conditions of neurous and emotional stresses (at work, in the street, and in cars) the effect may be larger (∼ 30 %) for healthy people. 

Daily data over a 1992 to 1994 period was analyzed from patients (adults and children) suffering from mental diseases and physical traumas. The effect is most marked during the recovery phase of geomagnetic storms and accompanied by the inhibition in the central nervous system[xlviii]

W. and S. Randall analyzed data from the 19th century on hallucinations and magnetic disturbances, and found the two variables exhibit a direct and statistically significant correlation. The aa magnetic index over the period 1868- 89 and concurrent visual hallucinatory activity were found to co-vary (Spearman coefficient = .6); Magnetic influences on the pineal hormone and melatonin are suggested as a possible source of variation. [xlix]

             Complex magnetic fields and geomagnetic activity increase the sensation of a ‘sense present’.

The incidence of sensing a presence or Sentient Being while being exposed to weak complex magnetic fields over the right hemisphere was moderately correlated with increased global geomagnetic activity during the 3-h periods of the experiences. So, in geomagnetic storms – which are associated with psychological emergencies and suicide –

the east-west component of the geomagnetic field had been increasing consistently for a cumulative change of about 15 to 20 nT over 10 minutes.

The authors suggest that the culturally and historically ubiquitous phenomena of sensed presences are generated by right hemispheric processes that – once enhanced by a variety of stimuli, including weak complex magnetic fields – can be encouraged by increased global geomagnetic activity.” [l]

             Low Geomagnetic Activity – increase in telepathic experiences

The title of this paragraph may imply we are going into purely speculative (or wacky) territory, but keep in mind, the following paper is from the CIA, after all. We can take their publications with a dose of skepticism. 

 The CIA reports psychoactive experiences during decreased geomagnetic activity. 

This report was released under FOIA request in 2017; Michael Morisy filed this request with the Central Intelligence Agency. [li]

The agency studied the impact of space storms on psychic powers.

The first part of the 800+ page risk report, released on November 22, 2017, contents that decrease in geomagnetic activity causes an increase in death-related telepathy.

The document is titled “Geomagnetic Factors in Subjective Telepathic, Precognitive and Postmortem Experiences.” It’s just as bizarre as one might expect. “Citing multiple other studies, the report contends that a decrease in geomagnetic activity causes either the occurrence or just the memory of an occurrence (it’s unsure which), of increased telepathy, but only about death and other crises.”

When the CIA invests enormous resources into weaponizing telepathic and extrasensory abilities, insisting that “telepathy could be real” [lii], then they are really able to use this strategically, or aren’t they? The ‘men who stare at goats’ is based on real whistle blower accounts. Or are they just not too smart, falling for Russian/ Project Paperclip propaganda and trying to beat Russia in the race for paranormal warfare?

             Increase in telepathic experiences during low geomagnetic activity

In 1985, 25 well-documented cases of intense paranormal (“telepathic”) experiences concerning death or illness to friends or family from between the years 1878 and 1967 were analyzed according to the global geomagnetic activity (the aa index) at the times of their occurrence. (Some of the cases were published by Stevenson in 1970). All 25 experiences were reported to have occurred on days when the geomagnetic activity was less than the means for those months. [liii]

While single telepathic experiences are difficult to be proven to be anything other than coincidences; if you ever thought dreams could mean anything, then you might want to get a good night sleep during low geo-magnetic activity (low K-index). Many people report having more vivid dreams in these nights and relate these to real-life experiences. This is not surprising, since scientists have viewed dreams in certain sleep phases as a means of the subconscious to deal with real life problems. Nevertheless, rational people know that a dream coming true has to be empirically weighted against all the things we dream that never manifest in the material world. 

In related studies, the content and impression of dreams during low to high geomagnetic activity were assessed for their ‘bizarreness’.

Dreams from low GMA periods (n=69, median bizarreness=4) were found to be significantly more bizarre than dreams from high GMA periods (n=85, median bizarreness=3; p=0.006), supporting the hypothesized association between GMA and dream bizarreness. [liv]

Side note: During the Corona lock-down, newspapers presented lengthy psychologist’s explanations on why we dream more intensively during the Corona pandemic, invoking anxiety, fear of the virus and longer sleep hours as the only causing factors, but omitting the fear of totalitarian government actions and the currently low geomagnetic activity, which must also be included in the equation. [lv]

In 1987, Persinger’s results were corroborated by Haraldsson et al.  [lvi]

“Spontaneous paranormal experiences tend to occur on a day of low geomagnetic activity which is preceded by days of high geomagnetic activity.”

The effect was further confirmed by Adrian Ryan, who tested the hypothesis that the relatively fast varying components of geomagnetic activity, geomagnetic pulsations, might be driving the reported associations between Extrasensory Perception (ESP), geomagnetic activity and local sidereal time. ESP effect was absent during the most disturbed periods of activity in the 0.025–0.1 Hz band. [lvii]

(ESP) experiences are not only reported more frequently, but accuracy of laboratory ESP is greater, on days of relatively quiet GMF activity.  “During periods of quiet GMF activity, there may be less masking of ESP information“. [lviii]

Princeton University ran its own research project on remote viewing and telepathic abilities. The Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research (PEAR) laboratory was founded in 1979 by Robert G. Jahn to conduct research on the extended capacities of human consciousness. The program continued until 2007. [lix]

It gets even more bizarre: In a different experiment, human brains were subjected to patterns of electromagnetic bursts, in some subjects, these impulses stimulate out-of-body or other spiritual experiences, feelings of a proximal sentient being to “God” or “Allah” or some other spiritual being. [lx] Hence the apparatus was dubbed the “God Machine”, it attempts to mimic the cerebral “short circuiting” which, in some epileptics, produces religious visions. Increased global geomagnetic activity at the time of the experiment was correlated with increased feelings of a sensed presence, suggesting a mechanism for increased reports of apparitions and epileptic seizures at such times. [lxi]

In a single case study over two years, the subject reported that periods of relatively quiet geomagnetic activity were significantly associated with an increased incidence of episodes of sleep paralysis. [lxii]

             Cause and effect reversed?

Already the famous seer Edgar Cayce referred to the fact that sunspot activity influences human ‘turmoils and strifes’, even though the phrasing is somewhat ambivalent on the nature of the causal relation. Here is an excerpt:  

 “…do ye wonder then that there become reflected upon even the face of the sun those turmoils and strifes that have been and that are the sin of man? […] Much as that confusion which is caused upon the earth by that which appears as a sun spot.”

–Edgar Cayce reading 5757-1

It has been suggested to me that it was human consciousness which affected cosmic energy exchanges, including solar activity. This problem can be quickly solved:

The electromagnetic energy exerted by a human is detectable only with extremely sensitive equipment. The field strengths on the sun range from a few gauss (a few hundred microtesla) in quiet areas to 3500 Gauss (0.35 tesla) in sunspots. [lxiii]

The magnetic field exerted from a person is measured in femto tesla. (1 Femtotesla = 10-15 Tesla). The sun’s magnetic field varies across the surface of the Sun. Its polar field is 1–2 gauss (0.0001–0.0002 T), whereas the field is typically 3,000 Gauss (0.3 T) in features on the Sun called sunspots and 10–100 Gauss (0.001–0.01 T) in solar prominences. 

Thus, one average sunspot the size of Earth emits an electric field about 1 billion times stronger than that of 7 billion humans.

The interplanetary magnetic field is much stronger than the dipole component of the solar magnetic field. The sun’s dipole magnetic field of 50–400 μT (at the photosphere) reduces with the inverse-cube of the distance to about 0.1 nT at the distance of Earth. However, according to spacecraft observations the interplanetary field at Earth’s location is around 5 nT, about a hundred times greater. The difference is due to magnetic fields generated by electrical currents in the plasma surrounding the Sun. [lxiv]

In summary, by all we know: no, humans cannot affect solar output. If such a reverse influence was possible, then it would require hitherto unknown, incomprehensible mechanisms, which not even quantum theory on the most speculative end can begin to explain. 

Solar storms and geomagnetic storms affect whale beaching.

J. Granger, et al used 31 years of gray whale data to build on earlier work that found a positive relationship between whale strandings and sunspot counts. Whale strandings occurred more often on days with high solar activity. As a plausible explanation for this result it was proposed that solar magnetic storms are disrupting features of Earth’s magnetosphere and, in turn, affect the whale’s navigational system. [lxv]

———


[i] Schlegel K. et al 2001: Thunderstorms, lightning and solar activity—Middle Europe; Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics; Volume 63, Issue 16, November 2001, Pages 1705-1713; https://doi.org/10.1016/S1364-6826(01)00053-0

[ii] Waheed M. A. et al2015: Long term evolution of geomagnetic activity under the influence of 11 year cyclic variations in solar activity during solar cycle 23 and 24; International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology; ); Vol. 4, Issue 1, January 2015

[iii] Adebesin, B.O et al, 2012:  An investigation into the geomagnetic and ionospheric response during a magnetic activity at high and mid-latitute; Advances in Applied Science Research, 2012, 3 (1):146-155, p. 154

[iv] British Geophysical Survey; Sun-Earth Connections: Introduction to the Science: Space Weather and Geomagnetic Storms; http://www.geomag.bgs.ac.uk/research/space_weather/sci_intro.html

[v] Cherry 2001: Schumann Resonances, a plausible biophysical mechanism for the human health effects of Solar/Geomagnetic Activity p. 15

[vi]  Miller, I. & Lonetree, B. 2013: The Sedona Effect: Correlations between Geomagnetic Anomalies, EEG Brainwaves & Schumann Resonance; Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research| July 2013 | Volume 4 | Issue 6 | pp. 630-656; p. 633

[vii]  British Geological Service: 15-07-2020 ap Results of ap Index query

3-hour ap indices and daily mean value, Ap.; Year: 2020; http://www.geomag.bgs.ac.uk/cgi-bin/aaindex

[viii] NOAA.GOV Space Whether Prediction Center; swpc.noaa.gov/phenomena/geomagnetic-storms

[ix] McCraty, Rollin et al, 2017: Synchronization of Human Autonomic Nervous System Rhythms with Geomagnetic Activity in Human Subjects; International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2017, Volume 14, issue 7, p. 770; https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/14/7/770/htm

[x] Lockwood, Mike, et al  2018: Space climate and space weather over the past 400 years: 2. Proxy indicators of geomagnetic storm and substorm occurrence; J. Space Weather Space Clim. 2018, 8, A12

[xi] Barzilai, Roy; 2015: The Testosterone Hypothesis. Dibrah Publishing p. 149

[xii] Despond, Basile; 2018: Geomagnetic Storms and the Stock Market; Semester Thesis; Department Physics, ETH Zurich; August 26, 2018

[xiii] Peng L. et al 2019: Effect of Ap-Index of Geomagnetic Activity on S&P 500 Stock Market Return; Hindawi Advances in Astronomy; Volume 2019, Article ID 2748062, 8 pages

[xiv] Barzilai, Roy; 2015: The Testosterone Hypothesis. Dibrah Publishing p..150

[xv] Vieira, C.L. et al 2019:  Geomagnetic disturbances driven by solar activity enhance total and cardiovascular mortality risk in 263 U.S. cities; Environmental Health volume 18, Article number: 83 (2019)

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