Note that the Spanish Flu erupted in solar maximum at the beginning of the Modern Grand Maximum. I’ve found evidence only for a slightly higher prevalence of pandemic outbreaks in Grand Maxima, but not in the cumulative numbers of victims. The Black Death did indeed take place at the very end of a Grand Solar Minimum, but it erupted with a singular environmental collapse that was not repeated in other Grand Minima.
In general, the human reaction and government measures to such pandemics are more severe, inhumane and destructive during Grand Maxima, the “War Times”. Therefore, as we have entered very low solar and geo-magnetic activity and as we have almost certainly entered the Next Grand Solar Minimum, there is a good chance that the human handling of the current Corona Epidemic will end up much less destructive than during the Spanish Flu, especially if the Coronavirus should indeed turn out to be much more harmless than predicted.
At the end of WWI, the probably deadliest pandemic in history spread across the globe (as in absolut numbers of casualties, not relative ones). Conservative estimates claim it cost about 40 to 70 million lives. [i]
John Barry, 2004 gave even higher figures: ‘The lowest estimate of the death toll is 21 million, while recent scholarship estimates range from 50 to 100 million dead.’ [ii]
The Spanish Flu is officially classified as a natural disaster without anthropogenic contribution, therefore, it is not added to the list of Anthropogenically exacerbated famines, mass starvation, and illness or disease in our statistics (Chapter 4). The median numbers of the academic consensus as a result of all Famine and disease during World War I arrive at only 5 million (see tables in the appendix).
However, we’ll see the Spanish flu pandemic is inseparably connected to WWI. Again, a pandemic broke out at peaks in both solar activity and human excitability/ war activity.
Here I will point out a few inconsistencies in provenience and in treatment that indicate the human contribution must be reconsidered as potentially substantial. If human failure as a contribution were to be confirmed in the future, the concentration of the anthropogenic deaths in the 1910s would be even more prominent than it is. Ida Honorof and Eleonor McBean were the most prominent researchers to claim the flue was (primarily) man-made, as a result of vaccine damage. [iii]
Soldiers were the first to be infected (on both sides of the Atlantic, more or less simultaneously), and the descriptions of symptoms in soldiers make it impossible to distinguish in every case between shell shock and Spanish Flu.
The US military Fort Riley Kansas was long believed to be the source of the US outbreak. [iv] On March 1918 the flu spread through the network of military camps. In the early stages of America’s entry into WWI, between April 1917 to December 1918, 2,700,000 recruits underwent training in camps.
In recent decades, the location of origin of the pandemic has become increasingly controversial; a wide range of possibilities are considered, including China. In 2001, J. S. Oxford postulated the “so-called Great Spanish Influenza Pandemic of 1918 may have originated in France in 1916”. [v] A later study published by Oxford in 2005 substantiated the claim that the great influenza pandemic had its origins in Etaples, but rather in the Winter of 1917-1918. The authors note that this installation contained dangerous toxic gases, supplies that were mutagenic, as well as large numbers of swine, fowls, and horses. [vi]
While the usual “flu” kills primarily the elderly and children, in the 1918 outbreak, 60% of the deaths were between 20 and 40 years old, so they were primarily soldiers and young heads of households. Experiments of direct contagion from patients failed. We learn from the Quest University of Canada case study: In November–December 1918, the United States Navy and Public Health Service conducted a series of experiments that argue that the 1918 influenza was ‘not particularly transmissible or virulent.’ In these experiments, influenza was deliberately used to infect a group of 62 healthy volunteers, who had not been exposed to influenza that year (they should be immunologically naïve and susceptible to the virus).
“The researchers collected mucus from the nasal secretions of people afflicted with the flu and applied it to the nose, throat, and eyes of the test subjects. In another experiment, volunteers also had close contact for five minutes with patients who had begun to show flu symptoms less than three days prior (so they should still be shedding infectious agents). The interaction consisted of leaning over the sick patients, inhaling their breath, and chatting with them for five minutes. The sick patients then coughed in the volunteer’s face five times. Each volunteer repeated these steps with 10 sick patients. No volunteer reported symptoms of infection from any of these experiments. This experiment was later repeated with another group of 50 immunologically naive volunteers put into close contact with infectious patients. Similar procedures were followed. Not a single man became sick.” [vii]
The Spanish Flu eye witness Eleanora McBean, Ph.D. (1905-1989) gave this testimony in 1977: “We seemed to be the only family which didn’t get the flu; so, my parents went from house to house doing what they could to look after the sick, as it was impossible to get a doctor then.“ McBean claims this was because no member of her family was vaccinated. [viii]
We read from a poem by the contemporary, established author, Kurt Tucholsky, living in Berlin at the time of the Spanish flu, he treats it as a harmless affair and calls it a ‘political crisis.’ Spanische Krankheit 1918 (Spanish disease 1918, translation mine):
[…] Light fever, the doctor says tomorrow it will be much better,
transpiration, heart racing, dizziness, heat, cold, the next morning everything, is ok again.
This is no flu, this is no frost, this is no phtisis – this is a German political crisis. “ [ix]
How was it that Tucholski was not ostracized and forced to apologize for calling this virus trivial, as 40 million were dying? At any rate, he was aware that at the beginning, it concerned only war waging nations.
Also Dr. Ludwig Spindler who was commissioned to investigate the disease during the disaster, noted an extremely low mortality and high recovery rate (translation mine):
“The Spanish flu broke out in Spain May 18; in Germany, it was on June 1918. After several weeks of illness, the number of patients decreases as rapidly as it has increased. In contrast to the very high morbidity [the rate of disease in a population] the mortality [number of deaths] was extremely low. “ [x]
According to Spindler, the German outbreak originated in a military camp outside of Berlin. “At first, one soldier fell ill in one quarter, then others in an adjacent building, ‘the virus seems to jump over several quarters’ (barracks).” The same was observed in military hospitals.
Spindler mentions the treatment with Aspirin, Valanin and quinine. ‘In some companies 25% were ill, none died, in other companies, many died.’
In 1919, Carl Spengler published a treatise in Davos, Switzerland, called: About the Spanish Flu. Spengler himself was a former assistant of Robert Koch. Spengler claimed the cause of Spanish flue to be a bacterium similar to the bubonic plague (Black Death) and not the influenza bacillus of the 1890 flu pandemic. Much of the attempted treatment was based on the findings of experts like Spengler, they were using drugs that killed bacteria not viruses. [xi] The reported symptoms of Spanish flue were nonspecific: fever, respiratory difficulties, fatigue, at times intestinal complications of all sorts.
Possible co- contributors to the pandemic- 1. experimental Vaccination:
Soldiers in WWI received more vaccines than during any other war before.
“On 27th August 1914, just three weeks after the outbreak of the Great War, Sir William Osler, Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford University, wrote a letter to the Times, in which he urged the necessity of compulsorily vaccinating British troops against typhoid.” [xii]
Civilians likewise received unprecedented numbers of vaccines around the world. In 1918, the US Army forced the vaccination of 3,285,376 natives in the Philippines. The 1920 report of the Philippines Health Service contains the following comments:
“From the time in which smallpox was practically eradicated in the city of Manila to the year 1918 (about 9 years) in which the epidemic appears certainly in one of its severest forms, hundreds after hundreds of thousands of people were yearly vaccinated with the most unfortunate result that the 1918 epidemic looks prima facie as a flagrant failure of the classic Immunization towards future epidemics”. [xiii]
The beforementioned Honorof and McBean claim the Spanish Influenza of 1918 to be the after effect of a massive nation-wide vaccine campaign; from a contemporary eye witness: “Some of the military hospitals were filled with nothing but paralyzed soldiers, and they were called war casualties, even before they left American soil. I talked to some of the survivors of that vaccine onslaught when they returned home after the war, and they told of the horrors, not of the war itself and battles, but of the sickness at camp.” [xiv]
2, Treatment drugs:
Quinine was recommended: In therapeutic doses, it can cause cinchonism; in rare cases, it may even cause death (usually by pulmonary edema). The dosage used at the time is unknown. Quinine can cause paralysis if accidentally injected into a nerve. It is extremely toxic in overdose, and the advice of a poison’s specialist should be sought immediately.
Aspirin. Dr. Dudley A. Williams, MD, Providence, Rhode Island reported:
“I did not lose a single case of influenza; my death rate in the pneumonias was 2.1%. The salycilates, including aspirin and quinine, were almost the sole standbys of the old school [doctors] and it was a common thing to hear them speaking of losing 60% of their pneumonias.”
And Cora Smith King, MD, Washington, DC wrote:
“I had three hundred and fifty cases and lost one, a neglected pneumonia that came to me after she had taken one hundred grains of aspirin in twenty-four hours.” [xv]
100 grains are 6.5 grams. [xvi] For a woman of let’s say 60 kg, the potentially lethal dose is 9 grams. Needless to say, we don’t know what else was in the prescriptions, but 6.5 grams even of today’s grade of aspirin is an already dangerous amount.
Here’s today’s prescription manual: “Taking more than 150mg of aspirin/ kg [body weight] can have serious and even deadly results if untreated. Much lower levels can affect children. “
From the New York Times, we learn that ‘The Journal of the American Medical Association suggested a dose of 1,000 milligrams every three hours’ the equivalent of almost 25 standard 325-milligram aspirin tablets in 24 hours. “This is about twice the daily dosage generally considered safe today.” [xvii]
That amounts to 8 grams each day; a single dose of 9 grams can be lethal. After two days, the person is most likely dead. See also: ‘chronic overdose is more commonly lethal.’
A study of 2008 of 8398 individual autopsy investigations of 1918-19 showed that “Bacteriologic and histopathologic results from published autopsy series clearly and consistently implicated secondary bacterial pneumonia caused by common upper respiratory–tract bacteria in most influenza fatalities.” [xviii]
In conclusion, the possibility must be considered that the co-contributing human factors could have been substantial, especially in the light of the failed contagion trials on healthy subjects. The final proof that large masses of healthy, unvaccinated, unmedicated people died only from a single identifiable infectious disease with consistent symptoms without secondary agents, has not been presented yet. Any such revision of the cause of death would even reinforce the general pattern of the enormous increase in human anthropogenic deaths in the late 1910s, even if it was unintentional, by aspirin overdose or unwanted vaccine side effects.
[i] Youngdahl, Karie; History of Vaccines: Spanish Influenza Pandemic and Vaccines;
[ii] Barry, John M, 2004: The site of origin of the 1918 influenza pandemic and its public health implications; Journal of Translational Medicine;. 2004; 2: 3.; Published online 2004 Jan 20.
[iii] Honorof Ida, McBean Eleanor 1977: Vaccination the Silent Killer
Vaccination: The Silent Killer: A Clear And Present Danger; Honor Publications
[iv] National Geographic, Dan Vergano,; 1918 Flu Pandemic That Killed 50 Million Originated in China, Historians Say; Published January 24, 2014
[v] Oxford JS. The so-called Great Spanish Influenza Pandemic of 1918 may have originated in France in 1916. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2001; 356: pp.1857–1859.
[vi] Oxford, JS et al, 2005: A hypothesis: the conjunction of soldiers, gas, pigs, ducks, geese and horses in northern France during the Great War provided the conditions for the emergence of the “Spanish” influenza pandemic of 1918-1919. Vaccine. 2005 Jan 4;23(7):940-5.
[vii] Rosenau et al., 1918; McCoy & Richey, 1921; Reported in Shope, 1958, and Kolata,
1999, p. 55–60).
[viii] McBean, Eleanora Ph.D. 1977 Swine Flu Expose, ISBN 0-7873-1401-3
[ix] Kurt Tucholsky, 1918: Gesammelte Werke – Prosa, Reportagen, Gedichte: Schloß; Null Papier Verlag, 2014; p.1139
[x] Spindler, Hans Ludwig, 1918: Die “Spanische Grippe” in Felde (Osten); Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung der Doktorwürde; Greifswald
[xi] Spengler, Carl, 1919: Die “Spanische Grippe” und ihre Bekämpfung: Bakteriologie, Epidemiologie, Spezifische und allgemeine Seuchenabwehr, Davos, E. Bircher p.
[xii] Hardy, Anne, 2000: “Straight Back to Barbarism”: Antityphoid Inoculation and the Great War, 1914, 265 Bull. Hist. Med., 2000, 74: 265-290; p. 265.
[xiii] Vaccination Liberation, Idaho Chapter; Lionel Dole, 2008: Smallpox Vaccination in the Philippines 1905-1920.
[xiv] Honorof, I; McBean, E. 1977: Vaccination, The Silent Killer, A Clear And Present Danger; p. 28
[xv] Dewey, W. A MD, Journal of the American Institute of Homeopathy in 1920: Homeopathy In Influenza- A Chorus Of Fifty In Harmony,
[xvi] Apothecaries’ system, I Grain is equal to exactly 64.79891 milligrams.
[xvii] New York Times: In 1918 Pandemic, Another Possible Killer: Aspirin; NICHOLAS BAKALAROCT. 12, 2009
[xviii] Predominant Role of Bacterial Pneumonia as a Cause of Death in Pandemic Influenza: Implications for Pandemic Influenza Preparedness
David M. et al,2008: The Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 198, Issue 7, 1 October 2008, pp. 962–970